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如何在研究论文中辨认和避免赘词

发布时间:2016-12-05 14:37 |  点击次数:

编辑论文最有效的方法之一,是透过语言润色使文章内容言简意赅,今天的电子报即向大家介绍如何辨认与避免论文中的赘词。在论文构思的过程中,您可能不经意间使用了冗赘的表达方式或非必要字词,以充实论文内容。建议您不妨搁置论文一阵子,再回头去检查,这样,您更容易辨识并修改这些冗赘的地方。以下例举了论文中常见的赘词形式以及对应的修改建议。

双字词(修改建议:删掉冗赘部分)

  mutual agreement ( agreement) future prospects ( prospects)
consensus of opinion ( consensus) reconsider again ( reconsider)
whether or not ( whether) inadvertent error ( error)

 

用于表加强、限定的词或短语(修改建议:省略或补充具体的细节)

  very really
extremely definitely
a considerable amount of to a certain extent

 

词汇短语(修改建议:使用简洁达意的单词替换或直接省略)

  for the purpose of ( to) due to the fact that ( because)
at this point in time ( now) in the near future ( soon)
with regard to ( about) in view of the fact that ( because)
as the case may be ( ---) Basically, . . . ( ---)

 

意思笼统的单词(修改建议:可省略)

  aspect field quality
case kind situation
fact matter sort
factor nature thing
feature problem type

 

  例句1 A surprising aspect of most labor negotiations is their friendly quality.
修改句: Most labor negotiations are surprisingly friendly.

 

  例句2 The fact of the war had the effect of causing many changes.
修改句: The war caused many changes.

 

累赘的名词形式 (修改建议:直接使用动词)

  to have an expectation, hope, wish, understanding, etc.
  较佳选择:to expect, hope, wish, understand, etc.

 

  to make an arrangement, plan, decision, inquiry, acquisition, etc.
  较佳选择:to arrange, plan, decide, inquire, acquire, etc .

 

非必要的to bebeing(修改建议:省略)

  例句1 The program is considered to be effective.
修改句: The program is considered effective. 或 The program is effective.

 

  例句2 because of the terrain being rough
修改句: because of the rough terrain

 

被动语态(修改建议:改为主动语态,并加上主语)

  例句1 It is felt that an exercise program should be attempted by this patient before any surgery is performed.
修改句a The patient should attempt an exercise program before surgery.
修改句b I recommend that the patient attempt an exercise program before surgery.
修改句c Mr. Chen, please do these exercises every day for six weeks to strengthen your arm muscles before we try any more surgery.(最佳)

 

  例句2 The computer code is said by most users to be faulty.
修改句: Most users say the computer code is faulty.

 

不必要的子句结构(WhoWhichThat(修改建议:可省略)

  例句1 The novel, which is entitled Ulysses, takes place . . .
修改句: The novel Ulysses takes place . . .

 

  例句2 It was Confucius who said . . .
修改句: Confucius said . . .

 

  例句3 I think that X is the case . . .
修改句: X is the case, as this evidence shows: . . .

 

  例句4 There is a tendency among many writers who may be seen to display certain signs of lack of confidence that their sentenceswill be overloaded with relative clauses and other words which are generally useless in function.
修改句: Many hesitant writers overload their sentences with relative clauses and other useless words.